Evelyne Magnin, Coordinator of the International Medical Commission of the FIM, revisits the key elements of anti-doping: testing, resources and sanctions procedures.
What is the job of "International Medical Commission Coordinator" and its role within the FIM?
The Coordinator of the International Medical Commission (CMI) is responsible for all medical matters related to the administration of the FIM. She reports to the FIM Executive Director of Sports and works closely with the Director and members of the CMI on the updating of the FIM Medical code, the organisation of doctors’ presence at races and preparing seminars and various annual meetings of the CMI. The coordinator is also responsible for the organisation of doping controls in and out of competition. She establishes and manages a target group of riders that is subjected to out-of-competition doping controls. She ensures that the FIM complies with the Code of the World Anti-Doping Agency adopted in 2004 and works closely with all the sport commissions within the FIM and the National Federations.
How many people make up the Medical Commission of the FIM? What are the medical activities of the Commission?
The CMI is composed of 14 doctors of various nationalities, including the Director. Members of this commission may act as inspectors of circuits or seminar instructors providing training for Chief Medical Officers and the Medical Directors in World Superbike and in Motocross Grand Prix. The CMI establishes the rules of the FIM Medical Code and ensures that the medical facilities on circuits for all disciplines are in compliance (locations of ambulances, number of ground posts, equipment in the medical centre, helicopter, medical personnel, etc.).
The FIM Medical Commission organises and conducts training seminars for doctors wishing to obtain an FIM Chief Medical Officer licence allowing them to be appointed as the FIM official at races.
What is the definition of “doping”?
I fully endorse the definition that describes doping as fundamentally contrary to the spirit of sport whose values should be not to cheat and to be honest, to preserve health, to excel without artifice, to respect the rules and other competitors, and to have courage and a spirit of solidarity.
Across all of FIM’s disciplines, how many doping tests are carried out on average each season?
Across all its disciplines, the FIM conducts a minimum of a hundred doping tests (urine and blood) per year including in competition and out of competition.
What is the procedure for a doping test? Is it the same for all disciplines?
We work with a service provider specializing in doping controls. We establish a timetable for our service provider early in the season and submit it to them. They organise the arrival of officers at our events. They are authorized and accredited by the World Anti-Doping Agency for collecting urine and / or blood samples from the riders. The procedure is the same in all of our events. Videos relating to doping controls are available at our FIM- LIVE.COM address.
Riders are sometimes obliged to follow a course of medication after, for example, injury. Do they have to tell you about their treatment (to avoid any medication considered a doping substance)? What about the common cold (taking antibiotics)?
When a rider has to follow a treatment with prohibited substances (refer to the list of Prohibited Substances and Methods of the World Anti-Doping Agency, available on our website and in the FIM Anti-Doping Code), he or she must complete a form with his doctor requesting what is known as a “therapeutic use exemption” (TUE also on our website). This is then reviewed by an FIM TUE board of doctors who may decide that the rider is allowed to follow the prescribed treatment provided that there is no alternative treatment which would not require the use of banned substances. I would also draw attention to the fact that a rider must be careful with all kinds of food supplements that could contain prohibited substances.
We encourage them to read the list of ingredients and check the contents with a doctor.
Is rider awareness of the fight against doping (conference, informal controls) promoted?
We organised doping briefings for the riders participating in the FIM World Championships for the different disciplines. We will continue our awareness actions and education among young people and not so young ones and plan to introduce an education programme for all holders of FIM riders’ licences.
What exactly is a secure central server?
The World Anti-Doping Agency has created a highly secure online program called "ADAMS". It allows international sports federations to create profiles for athletes and to input the results of doping controls, for example. The riders in our registered testing pool (RTP) also use this program to input information on their whereabouts 365 days a year. This program centralizes all information concerning doping.
What is the procedure after a positive test (double control, disciplinary courses, sanction)? Are there several levels of sanction?
When a rider has tested positive on the basis of the analysis of the A sample, the laboratory (accredited by WADA) that conducted the analysis informs the FIM. The FIM opens proceedings against the rider. Depending on the substance, the FIM sometimes has to temporarily suspend the rider.
In any case, it informs the rider of the positive test while drawing his attention to his rights including the right to request the analysis of the B Sample. If the rider waives the B sample analysis or if it also proves positive, the file is forwarded to the International Disciplinary Court of the FIM (CDI). The rider is duly invited to explain the positive result and a hearing is held according to the procedure provided for by the Disciplinary and Arbitration Code of the FIM. Having duly heard the rider, the CDI (which may be composed of a single judge or three judges) makes its decision based on the application of the FIM Anti-Doping Code.
The decision of the CDI is communicated to the rider, his national anti-doping agency and WADA. The riders and WADA may appeal against the decision of the CDI to the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) based in Lausanne, Switzerland.
Sanctions against riders are laid down in Article 10 of the Code. Without aggravating circumstances which may lead to a suspension of four years (e.g. traffic in prohibited substances), a first doping violation is now punishable by a suspension for two years, meaning that during this period the rider is not authorized to participate in any official sports competition. If the rider is able to prove to the CDI how the prohibited substance entered his body and also demonstrates an absence of fault or negligence (or significant fault or negligence) in relation to the fact that he or she tested positive, the suspension period otherwise applicable may be reduced or even cancelled. In all cases, the results obtained by the rider during the event in which the test is held are automatically cancelled.